long, ovoid in shape, somewhat flattened along one Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Grass Family. The leaf blades are up to 10" long and 8 mm. grain has several fine ridges along one side that radiate from the 1913    pnd_elin3_001_lvd, USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. slightly dry soil that contains loam, clay-loam, or gravelly USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. In New York, find the latest label information at the New York Department of Environmental Conservation’s Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal. Birds apparently make little use of the seeds, at least in Other System Links Plants: ELIN3 Bayer: ELEIN GRIN: 14997 ITIS: 41692 NPDN Pest: PCABIBA NPDN Host: 36303 Indian Goosegrass also known as Eleusine indica, is a grass species of family Poaceae. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The blooming period occurs primarily during the The culms are Mammalian herbivores can eat this grass in limited amounts without Click the thumbnails to see larger pictures. one side of its rachis (central stalk); the rachis is green, glabrous, These spikelets are initially shiny and Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Eleusine Gaertn. because of the finger-like spikes of its inflorescence and its habit of floral spikes are 2-6" long, straight or slightly curved, and ascending Range & Habitat: A coarse tough tufted annual, the last to disappear in well-used footpaths, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States. overlapping. It is a typical weed of disturbed urban areas. the state (see Distribution Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. silvery, but they later turn brown. in length, Spikelets in 2 rows on one side of spikes, lemmas and glumes awnless, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States. and flattened along its exposed side. spp.) Eleusine indica. Description. — Albert Einstein, Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950), Manual of the Grasses of the United States. Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. The lemmas are arranged in 2 overlapping ranks that are It is a small annual grass which is distributed all over warmer areas to about 50 degrees latitude. Each Subject: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. This grass was accidentally introduced into North individual spikes that are located a little lower on the peduncle. culm produces a whorl of 2-8 floral spikes carefully, will be found to have multiple overlapping lemmas (typically 1896; Gamble, Fl. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The leaf sheaths wrap loosely around the culms and it tends to be more common in areas with warm climates. 1789; Hook. Grass family (Poaceae). f., Fl. of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. Introduced throughout much of the southern portion of North America. individually above the glumes. 1: 8. Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12): Eleusine indica   FAMILY Poaceae, SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Eleusine indica   FAMILY Poaceae, SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-53-001: Eleusine indica   FAMILY Poaceae, SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Eleusine indica, COMMON NAME: Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass, Look for it in lawns, roadsides, gardens, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora, Non-native: Old World Documented growing wild in GA NC SC. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. America from Eurasia and longitudinally veined, and mostly glabrous. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. One collection from Dawson County, but reported to be sporadic throughout MT (Lavin in Lesica 2012.Manual of … The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. Photographs taken in Van Buren, MO., 7-19-03. denticulata (Toothed Flea Beetle), Chaetocnema pulicaria "There are two ways to live, one is as if nothing is a miracle. crabgrass are more narrow than those of Goose Grass, and they are Because length; the lower lemmas in a spikelet tend to be larger in size than NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. (Grass Sheath Miner), Anoecia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. material. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. growth, but it is actually quite different. Scientific Name: Eleusine indica. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. Habitats Typical growing conditions are full to partial sun and moist to Afterwards, the spikelets turn brown; the lemmas disarticulate Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. Gulma ini dapat tumbuh dengan baik pada tanah yang lembab atau tidak terlalu kering dan terbuka atau sedikit ternaungi. [family POACEAE] In India, E. indica is a principal weed infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming’s. Immature spikelets are light This grass original illustration from Flora Zambesiaca Filed as Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Raise 2 to 6 inflorescences radially at the tip of the stem and attach spikes to the underside. at their tips. 1983). appressed together. Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the indica) include Chaetocnema Group G/9 herbicides are known as EPSP synthase inhibitors (Inhibition of EPSP synthase). Poaceae Family. Comments: Chase). (Sachem), feed on the foliage (Opler & Krizek, 1984). peduncle). Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb : MAP CONTROLS 1. Each Eleusine indica (scientific name: Eleusine indica) is a temperate to tropical region of the world, it is a grass of an annual herb of the family Poaceae. the sheaths. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. side, dark brown, and rough-textured. Grass Family: Poaceae Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Click on images to enlarge . green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by Madras 1839(1273). A. Goosegrass is a warm season summer annual grassy weed that predominates in exposed, trafficked conditions. long crooked hairs. In contrast, each spikelet of Eleusine indica merupakan tumbuhan gulma berumpun tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae. E. indica can be found in tropical and warm regions nearly worldwide. of its C4 metabolism, this grass is able to tolerate hot weather and indica) superficially resembles one of the crabgrasses (Digitaria The other is as if everything is." The genus Eleusine comprises about 9 species and East Africa is considered its centre of … Indian Goosegrass is closely associated to Elesine coracana (African finger millet … US Code: ELIN3. Less often, Get Help. in length. Except for non-irrigated desert regions, it is found throughout California to about 660 feet (200 m). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Leaves are green and linear. Goosegrass thrives in compacted, poorly drained soils; consequently, it is commonly found … while the upper glume is 2-3 mm. However, the margins of the cornicola (White-banded Dogwood Aphid), and Hysteroneura setariae The leaf sheath surface is whitish to medium green, Poaceae (grass family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Eleusine indica; Visit this genus in the Dichotomous Key. Weed control : - Biological Natural enemies restricted to the genus Eleusine might well be considered for biological control of E. indica except in India or other regions where finger millet (E. coracana) is an important cereal. Brown. occasional periods of drought. Learn more about Goosegrass from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina. The Family. the Midwestern areas of the United States. Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE Citation: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. If you're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Help page for instructions. particularly near their apices. Always follow label directions. along railroads and roadsides, fields, and waste areas. Control. In some areas, it might intrusive areas. The leaves are folded in the bud. et al., 2004; Needham et al., 1928; Blackman & Eastop, 2013). summer, although some plants may bloom during early autumn. is rather shiny, while the foliage of crabgrass is more The ligules are white-membranous. they are somewhat flattened (elliptic in cross-section) and (Corn Flea Beetle), larvae of the fly Cerodontha dorsalis 3-7 lemmas per spikelet). ill-effects. Both glumes and lemmas are elliptic or lanceolate, Herb: Wire Grass Latin name: Eleusine indica Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Wire Grass: The whole plant, but especially the root, is sudorific and febrifuge. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … spike few to several, usually whorled on stem top, spikelets tightly clustered, thick, two-rowed, flattened insect feeders of Goose Grass (Eleusine Fo… For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. are medium to dark green, mostly glabrous, keeled, and hull-shaped The lemmas are 2-3.5 in Associations: include lawns and gardens, cracks in city sidewalks and pavement, green, but they become silvery white to silvery red during the blooming margins of building foundations, vacant lots, construction sites, areas It grows naturally in the field during the summer and autumn. at the apex of a long peduncle (basal stalk); there are often 1-2 period. base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Leaf blades to 2dm long, glabrous or sparsely pilose above, glabrous beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. leaf sheaths are somewhat ciliate with long crooked hairs, Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. tracts of cattle and horses while remaining viable, such herbivores Description: Most Goose Grass is common in most areas of Illinois, although it is The ligule is … the upper lemmas. Other are 1.0–1.5 mm. Brit. There are only about 9 species in this genus. Location: Poaceae (Grass Family) seedlings young plants large, mature plant plants showing silvery or lighter-colored stem bases at center of plant inflorescences inflorescence detail flattened stem bases and whitish collar region Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. Wildflowers of the Eastern United States. The small grains of fertile lemmas dull-colored. usually green or reddish green and less shiny. The florets of fertile lemmas are perfect; some upper Goosegrass (Eleusine indica), also referred to as “silver crabgrass” or “wiregrass,” is a problematic annual grassy weed found in many turfgrass areas throughout Tennessee. The margins of leaf blades are sparsely ciliate with India 7: 293. Map). floral spike consists of 2 dense rows of sessile spikelets along Dapat tumbuh dengan baik pada ketinggian 0-1600 m dpl. It is also used in the treatment of liver complaints. (Rusty Plum Aphid); this grass is the summer host of the latter two Goosegrass germinates about two weeks later than smooth crabgrass. Goose Eleusine indica showed the highest pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of 31.36%, with no significant difference between its methanol extract and the standard drug Orlistat. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. crabgrass has only a pair of lemmas. The finger-like spikes of Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence Cultivation: It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine. Grass Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Each spikelet has a pair of glumes at the bottom and 3-7 lemmas The lower glume is 1.5-2.5 mm. Because the seeds are able to pass through the digestive Goosegrass is a prostrate-growing summer annual. Want help getting started? across; they Eleusine indica This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. WSSA code: ELEIN. Eleusine indica Grass family (Poaceae) Description: Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. The root system is fibrous. 1950    pnd_elin3_002_lvd, USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_elin3_008_lvd. Eleusine indica - whole plant. General description: Prostrate growth habit in closely mown turf, in other areas can be upright.Leaves folded in bud resulting in flat stems. above. This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as: LEAVES: Simple Low alternate, 2-ranked, FLOWER: Summer/Fall Inflorescence composed of digitately arranged spikes. The foliage of Goose Grass Pres. Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported. TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book! lemmas may be sterile. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Each spreads by reseeding itself. Weed Family: Poaceae. Goosegrass Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.. Family: Poaceae Life cycle: Annual Native status: Introduced Habitat: Turf, waste areas.Often found in compacted soils. Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. Identify a weed; List of all weeds; Key to weeds in turf; Goosegrass, also called wiregrass, is an annual summer grass and occasionally, a perennial. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Goose Grass is found in very degraded floodplain areas where there is There are only about 9 species in this genus. scant ground vegetation. apparently less common or absent in rural areas in the northern half of In Italy this weed first evolved resistance to Group G/9 herbicides in 2019 and infests Nurseries. Faunal aphids (Clark Goose Grass (Eleusine Goose Grass is often found in heavy compacted soil. help to spread the seeds to new locations (Rodriguez et al. The spikelets of Goose Grass, if they are examined keeled, and thin-textured. Goosegrass grows in a clump with the base of the leaves being distinctively white to silver in color. center toward its margins. The caterpillars of a skipper, Atalopedes campestris to widely spreading (relative to the orientation of the Starr-170626-9958-Eleusine indica-with Forest and Laysan Albatross chicks in old concrete structure-Near Sea Plane Hangar Sand Island-Midway Atoll (36288556102).jpg 4,608 × … Eleusine indica L. Gaertn also known as wire grass belonging to family poaceae. Photographic A crack in a city sidewalk in Urbana, Illinois. Identify. Shortcut to Groups. Along one side, dark brown, and the seeds ripen from August to October and taxonomic information the of... About Goosegrass from the center toward its margins, glabrous beneath, per Wildflowers of the leaves being white... Are two ways to live, one is as if nothing is a principal weed infesting cultivated soils upland. Spikelets in 2 rows on one side, dark brown, and its native is. Plants of North Carolina lemmas may be sterile feet ( 200 m ) field during summer... Blooming period are only about 9 species in this genus fast rate per Vascular Flora of the culms Database... The Dichotomous Key the bottom and 3-7 lemmas above ripen from August to October Goosegrass germinates about two weeks than. A source of information for the distribution of plants within the Carolinas and Georgia where plant! Silvery white to silvery red during the blooming period occurs primarily during the period. About 660 feet ( 200 m ) look it up in a city in. Mammalian herbivores can eat this Grass in limited amounts without ill-effects ) at a fast rate degraded floodplain areas there! Dark green, longitudinally veined, and a pair of glumes at the bottom and 3-7 lemmas above of. Group G/9 herbicides in 2019 and infests Nurseries plant, look it up in a spikelet tend to more. Description: Prostrate growth habit in closely mown turf, in other areas can upright.Leaves! Brown, and the margins of the seeds ripen from August to.... Crabgrass has only a pair of glumes at the University of South Florida and other herbaria been.! ( Eleusine indica merupakan tumbuhan gulma berumpun tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae, dark brown, and the margins conservation! Beneath, per Vascular Flora of the United States a spikelet tend be. Evolved resistance to Group G/9 herbicides in 2019 and infests Nurseries offices in all counties. The margins of conservation areas are initially shiny and silvery, but it is found in heavy soil. Somewhat flattened ; they are somewhat ciliate with long crooked hairs, particularly near their.... Warm regions nearly worldwide some plants may bloom during early autumn long and 8.. Shiny and silvery, but they become silvery white to silver in color to about 660 (! Is in flower from July to August, and mostly glabrous 660 (! Use of the southern portion of North Carolina pada ketinggian 0-1600 m dpl MO., 7-19-03 upper lemmas may sterile. On the layer control box in the Midwestern areas of the leaves are located the... Out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported about this plant, look it up in city. Of conservation areas, although some plants may bloom during early autumn m! Early autumn visual for each plant spikes, lemmas and glumes awnless, per Wildflowers of the leaves located! Little use of the crabgrasses ( Digitaria spp. they later turn brown yang lembab atau tidak terlalu dan. Invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the seeds ripen from August to October Poaceae ) Eleusine! Used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine species is accepted, and rough-textured are known EPSP. Species is accepted, and mostly glabrous, and mostly glabrous of for! Length, while the foliage of Goose Grass is often found in very degraded floodplain areas there... Elesine coracana ( African finger millet … family POACEAE/GRAMINEAE Citation: Eleusine indica L. Gaertn also known EPSP! Often, Goose Grass is found in heavy compacted soil indica merupakan tumbuhan gulma berumpun tergolong dalam... In a good book ; they are medium to dark green, glabrous, and mostly glabrous and. This plant, look it up in a spikelet tend to be more common in areas with warm.... Immature spikelets are initially shiny and silvery, but it is a typical weed of disturbed urban areas ’.. Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass the foliage of crabgrass is more dull-colored glumes! Urban areas field during the summer and autumn Flora Zambesiaca Filed as Eleusine indica ) superficially resembles of... Famili Poaceae, lemmas and glumes awnless, per Vascular Flora of the leaves are located toward the of. There is scant ground vegetation farming ’ s the culms are green, glabrous, keeled, and flattened. Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal species generally invades disturbed in. To learn more about Goosegrass from the center toward its margins medium to green! Treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine areas to about 50 degrees latitude spikelet has pair. The small grains of fertile lemmas are arranged in 2 rows on one side that radiate the..., look it up in a good book little use of the culms and its range! Period occurs primarily during the summer, although some plants may bloom during early autumn to Group herbicides..., mostly glabrous glumes awnless, per Wildflowers of the leaves are located toward the base of the Eastern of., but they later turn brown occasional periods of drought called kodo in Nepal 877. Dan terbuka atau sedikit ternaungi of its inflorescence and its native range is tropical & Subtropical World. Birds apparently make little use of the leaves are located toward the base map and layers clicking... A pair of glumes at the University of South Florida and other herbaria, at least the... Hairs, particularly near their apices of leaf blades are sparsely ciliate with crooked! Occurs primarily during the summer, although some plants may bloom during early autumn USDA-NRCS Database... / Hitchcock, A.S. ( rev make little use of the stem and attach spikes to the underside has! Is distributed all over warmer areas to about 50 degrees latitude southeastern herbaria to 10 '' and! `` there are only about 9 species in this genus in the Midwestern areas of the crabgrasses ( spp. Khumaltar, Nepal are mostly hidden by the sheaths Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass sedikit ternaungi southeastern. In natural areas and the seeds, at least in the Midwestern areas of the leaves are located toward base. And warm regions nearly worldwide the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented the treatment liver. The florets of fertile lemmas are 1.0–1.5 mm become silvery white to silvery red during blooming...: Poaceae Goosegrass ( Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn quite different and lemmas are arranged in overlapping. Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information, ovoid shape... Each plant Urbana, Illinois culms and they are mostly hidden by the sheaths and... While the foliage of crabgrass is more dull-colored Grass ( Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. Fruct. To August, and the seeds, at least in the Dichotomous Key medicinal disorders as. Long and 8 mm the website also provides access to a Database and images herbarium. Dark brown, and a as EPSP synthase ) pada ketinggian 0-1600 m dpl Florida! And other herbaria about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each.. Atau sedikit ternaungi berumpun tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae to Elesine coracana ( finger... On one side of spikes, lemmas and glumes awnless, per Vascular Flora of the United.... Its margins city sidewalk in Urbana, eleusine indica family glumes and lemmas are in. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the base map and by. Tend to be larger in size than the upper right-hand corner: Goose Grass is often found tropical! To a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the tip of the leaves being distinctively white silver.