Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Revolt of 18557. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856… Fig. They were forbidden from wearing any caste or sectarian marks, beads or turbans. Lack of Societal Alternative This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. 1. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. The 1857 war of Independence was the culmination of various political, economic, social and military causes which burst forth in the from of the cartridge controversy, finally resulting in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny where a soldier named Mangal Pandey was the first to break rank. Some Muslims also supported British. CAUSES OF THE REVOLT OF 1857 (i) Political causes (ii) Social and economic causes (iii) Religious causes (iv) Military causes (v) Immediate causes * Political Causes : The causes of discontent among the Indian rulers were as follows: (i) The policy of conquest pursued by the British had created unrest among many rulers, and chiefs. 4. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. It played a major role in the uprising of 1857. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. The revolt of 1857 in India was an important landmark in shaping the British rule towards Indians. What was the main cause of the revolt of 1857? He cites the support given by the villagers to the rebels and how they provided rations and hourly intelligence. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . When the atmosphere was surcharged with an anti-British feeling the episode of the greased cartridges provided … 1. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. May 17,2020 - political causes of the revolt of 1857 Related: Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India - When People Rebel, CBSE Class 8 SST History | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 163 Class 8 Students. Following are three important causes of the revolt of 1857: Ill-treatment of Indian Soldiers - The East India Company discriminated against their Indian sepoys. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. This interpretation is not correct. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Brief introduction of economic causes - shortcut The most important reason for the popular discontent was the economic exploitation by the British. b:racial discrimination. Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Vellore Mutiny ­– The Vellore Mutiny took place even before the revolt of 1857(50 years before). The soldiers from Punjab supported the Company. Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. ii. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. This hurt all sections of society. Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : 11.5 : It is Henry Hardinge. The Revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. 3. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all rulers of Indian states, sepoys, zamindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. TalzimKhaldun- the Revolt of 1857 was a civil rebellion. The most important cause of failure was that the revolt failed to embrace the whole of India. Important Facts: The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut. Some sections of society like the money lenders, merchants, modern educated Indians, and intellectuals were against the Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857. 2. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. Fig. He also points to prolonged continuation of resistance to the British well after the latter’s re-occupation in regions like Chakradharpur and Sambalpur bordering Bengal. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. 11.6 : This picture point out the outwardly good position of the zamindars. … The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. However, the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt. He further maintains that it was a rebellion of the Indian sepoys. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Though the g… the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. a:policy of economic exploitation. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February, 1857. The British historians Sir John Lawrence and Seeley, considered it nothing more than a sepoy mutiny. c:social causes The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Let us move on to what led to the fall of the revolt and why the early so well impulse outraged revolt did not reach its epitome. Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the Whites which outraged the people of India. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. The failure of the revolt was not uncalled-for by the Historians as they termed it the First War of Independence of India. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. The Causes Of The Rebellion. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . 11.5. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. A) Delhi ----------- … All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. The main problem with Britishers was that they only came in India to exploit its resources which could hardly be seen by the Indian rulers of that time. The economic decline of the peasantry was reflected in twelve major and numerous minor famines from 1770 to 1857; The new courts and legal system gave a further fillip to the dispossessors of land and encouraged the rich to oppress the poor. The resources at the disposal of the British were far superior than the ones available to the Indians. It erupted on 10th July 1806 in Vellore, present-day Tamil Nadu, and lasted only for a day, but it was brutal and it was the first major mutiny by the Indian sepoys in the East India Company. The police looted, … What led to the failure of the Revolt. 2. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. 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