North American Yews. The varieties include, but are not limited to: Taxus X Media Taxus Capitata Taxus Repandens Taxus Sunburst Taxus Everlow are coniferous evergreens that bear needle-like foliage and produce either male or female cones. Hunnewell yew (Taxus x hunnewelliana) is a cross of the Japanese yew and the Canadian yew, and while not as well known as the Anglojap yew, there are a couple of cultivars available. Wintercreeper is a … If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Taxus baccata is a species of evergreen tree in the conifer family, native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. If looking for a Taxus x media that is rounded when young and spreads with age, Brownii, Densiformis, Fairview, Kobelli, L.C, Bobbink, Natorp, Nigra and Runyanii are all suggested varieties of yew shrub. Native and Cultivated Conifers of Northeastern North America; A Guide; Edward A. Anglojap yew (Taxus x media) is a cross between the English yew and Canadian yew. Varieties of Yew Trees and Shrubs Need easy, dense growth with a pop of color that's second to none? She writes for websites including greenanswers.com, openoffer.com and thirdage.com. Canadian yew (Taxus canadensis) grows to about 8 feet tall and there's only one known cultivar, "Stricta" (Taxus canadensis "Stricta"), which has a columnar habit. Fiske holds a Bachelor of Arts in cultural anthropology from the University of Redlands. Some yews are columnar, which means they grow in an upright fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a landscape. Although not often done, this is a terrific way to grow Yew Trees in more natural garden styles, without the need for regular clipping. All these yews are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 7. "Columnaris" (Taxus cuspidata "Columnaris") has a narrow form, and "Nana" (Taxus cuspidata "Nana") is a dwarf. There are many horticultural forms and cultivars and the primary difference between them is the growth habit and size. These are easy to care for, drought resistant evergreen shrubs. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The seeds are highly poisonous as well, but the surrounding flesh of the fruit is safe. Densa reaches 4 feet tall and 8 feet wide. She has written articles for the Oregon Landscape Contractors Association, chapters of the certification manual for the Oregon Association of Nurseries and translated master gardener materials into Spanish. Yew’s thick, dark green and evergreen foliage create a fantastic wall of greenery between the edge of your garden and the outside world. Taxol, a drug designed to treat ovarian cancer and other cancers, is derived from Pacific yew bark and is considered very promising for cancer treatment. Several varieties bear yellow new growth, such as golden Irish yew (Taxus baccata "Fastigiata Aureomarginata") and "Repens Aurea" (Taxus baccata "Repens Aurea," both hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, and "Standishii," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8. Taxus, as described in 1753 by Carolus Linnæus (1707 – 1778), in Species Plantarum 2, is a genus small coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family, Taxaceae. Taxus yew shrubs come in a variety of types and interested gardeners find them to be a great choice. It can grow over 10 feet tall, though homeowners often prune it down to about 4 feet tall. Yew plants are a family of popular evergreen landscaping plants with varying growth habits that range from low-lying shrubs to soaring trees. Plant Japanese yews in spring. The Fastigiata variety exhibits an upright, narrow form. The Taxus yew shrub belongs to the Taxaceae family and is a medium-sized evergreen bush. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, USDA Forest Service; Pacific Yew; Charles L. Bolsinger, Virginia State University; Yews; Alex X. Niemier; 2010. All Rights Reserved. Some yews are columnar, which means they grow in an upright fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a landscape. Deciduous plants offer springtime excitement, autumn color and a range of forms, but evergreens have tenacity and durable green beauty. Both are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Repandens has dark green foliage and spreads wider than tall, reaching a height of 4 feet. Place the plant in the hole, … Small Wintercreeper Shrubs (Euonymus fortunei) – Low-maintenance Evergreen. Yew Trees have many uses in the garden. It includes six extant genera and roughly 40 species of plants, out of which the Taxus genus is commonly categorized into the following species: Common yew or European yew or English yew (Taxus baccata) Western yew or Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) Canadian yew (Taxus canadensis) Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata) Chinese yew (Taxus chinensis) Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Growing these easy-care anchor plants has one major drawback: eating their bark, leaves or seeds may be fatal. Plum yew (Cephalotaxus) is a good heat-tolerant substitute. The Yew shrub family of plants are from the genus Taxus. Taxus baccata Hedge Plants Description. Full to partial sun. "Erecta" (Taxus brevifolia erecta) is a columnar form; "nana" (Taxus brevifolia nana) is a dwarf form; and "nuttalii" (Taxus brevifolia nuttalii) is a drooping form. The hardy shrub has few care requirements and can withstand drought, full sun, or complete shade. Yew (Taxus Baccata) is also known as English Yew or Common Yew and has been a popular hedging plant for many centuries. The Pacific yew is common in dense conifer forests and is found throughout the Pacific Northwest. There are numerous types of yews in different cultures from around the world, each with its own name, style & unique identity. All varieties have soft green needles or leaves, reddish or brown bark and bright red berries. They are highly adaptable and make a nice addition to a garden border, path, or in a mass planting. Shop shrubs and a variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com. Japanese yews prefer a light, sandy soil on the acidic side. Slow grower to 10 to 12 feet tall, 3 to 4 feet wide, larger with age. Taxus baccata (English Yew) is a dense, evergreen conifer hedge which boasts vibrant green foliage during spring, with small red fruits appearing in the autumn - which, although delightful in appearance and loved by birds, are harmful to humans, pets and livestock. The poisonous substances in yew are pseudo-alkaloids known as taxines. If your soil is very wet or heavy, consider growing Japanese yews in raised beds or selecting a different plant. Add the evergreen factor and it is no wonder that yews are one of the most popular landscape plants. Three varieties are known. Some forms will grow into upright columns of rich green, while others will spread wide, into broad bushes with irregular outlines. If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. It grows in Europe, but extends into Asia and Africa as well. A wonderful hedge or screen plant that takes shearing very well. Seed grown. Although not seen so often, the most basic one is to simply let them grow naturally, the way their natures intended them. Check out our Yew Trees and Shrubs! Both Florida yew (Taxus floridana) and Mexican yew (Taxus globosa) are rare or endangered species, are hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10 and have no known cultivars. A cultivar of the Japanese yew species, Capitata, can soar up to 50 feet. As a hedge, large or small, it can provide a dark green backdrop to borders or form a sturdy sheltering screen along boundaries. Keep small children, pets and livestock away. They are slow growing and long-lived; one specimen in Wales is said to be nearly four thousand years old. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy … Brownii is also a columnar yew that you can easily prune down to desired size. Yew plants are shrubs to small trees which enliven the garden even in the middle of winter. 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